MPI for Heart and Lung Research
You are here: MPI HLR Home > Research > Department of Pharmacology


Project leaders: Dr. Remy Bonnavion, Dr. Haaglim Cho, Dr. Sophie Ramas

Figure "Modulation of insulin secretion via FFA1/2/3." Piezo1 in obesogenic adipogenesis

Positive and negative modulation of glucose-
stimulated insulin secretion through 20-HETE/FFA1
and acetate/FFA2/FFA3.

      Role of Piezo1 in obesogenic adipogenesis
      (Wang et al., 2020).

Metabolic disorders, such as obesity and type-2 diabetes, are risk factors for various diseases including cancer and cardiovascular disorders, and the number of obese and diabetic patients is dramatically increasing worldwide. In the past, we have identified new regulatory mechanisms of adipocyte turnover and adipocyte function through autocrine regulatory loops (Ahmed et al., 2010) and by inflammatory signaling pathways that regulate adipocyte survival and browning (Sassmann et al., 2016). We have also identified positive and negative modulators of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (Tang et al., 2015; Tunaru et al., 2018). More recent work analyzed the mechanism mediating obesogenic adipogenesis (Wang et al., 2020a) and adipocyte survival during obesity (Wang et al., 2020b).

Future work will focus on the regulation of adipocyte and β-cell turnover and function in healthy and disease states as well as on understanding how metabolic disorders such as obesity promote cancer progression and cardiovascular disorders.

Literature

Wang L, Wang S, Shi Y, Li R, Günther S, Yuan Z, Liu E, Offermanns S (2020b) YAP and TAZ protect against white adipocyte cell death during obesity. Nat Commun. 11, 5455

Wang S, Cao S, Arhatte M, Li D, Shi Y, Kurz S, Hu J, Wang L, Shao J, Atzberger A, Wang Z, Wang C, Zang W, Fleming I, Wettschureck N, Honoré E, Offermanns S. (2020a) Adipocyte Piezo1 mediates obesogenic adipogenesis through the FGF1/FGFR1 signaling pathway in mice. Nat Commun. 11: 2303

Tunaru S, Bonnavion R, Brandenburger I, Thomas D, Scholich K, Offermanns S. (2018) 20-HETE promotes glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in an autocrine manner through FFAR1 (GPR40). Nat. Commun. 9: 177

Sassmann-Schweda A, Singh P, Tang C, Wietelmann A, Wettschureck N, Offermanns S. (2016) Increased apoptosis and browning of TAK1-deficient adipocytes protects against obesity. JCI Insight 1: e81175

Tang C, Ahmed K, Gille A, Lu S, Gröne HJ, Tunaru S, Offermanns S. (2015). Loss of FFA2 and FFA3 increases insulin secretion and improves glucose tolerance in type 2 diabetes. Nat. Med. 21: 173-177

Ahmed K, Tunaru S, Tang C, Müller M, Gille A, Sassmann A, Hanson J, Offermanns S. (2010) An autocrine lactate loop mediates insulin-dependent inhibition of lipolysis through GPR81. Cell Metab. 11: 311-319